Q1:Difference between concrete wsdl and abstract wsdl
Typically a wsdl contains – types, Messages, porttype, Binding and service
Using Types ,messages and porttype we can’t do anything with that.. which is abstract part. Binding and service has more info about the webservices. So it’s concrete.abstract wsdl is enough to consume a soap service … If we use a abstract wsdl and if we try to generate classes we will not be able to see the java files and only class files can be obtained …
Concrete wsdl can provide complete details about the service…

It is not safe to provide the concrete wsdl to the consumer if he is not to be trusted ..
Please Refer Here

Q2:What is the Difference between SOAP and REST
Refer Here

Q3:What do you mean by Stateless in terms of RESTAPI?
The state of the client application is never stored on the server and is passed on. In this process, the client send all the information that is required for the server to fulfill the HTTP request and the server responds make with HTTP Response.The following are the advantages of Statelessness
HTTP protocol and REST web service, both shares the feature of statelessness. Every method required for communication is identified as an independent method i.e. there are no dependencies to other methods.Any previous communication with the client and server is not maintained and thus the whole process is very much simplified.If any information or metadata used earlier in required in another method, then the client sends again that information with HTTP request.

Q4:What is Resource in RESTApi? What is Resource Representation? Why its important?
‘Resource’ is defined as an object of a type which can be an image, HTML file, text data, and any type of dynamic data.JSON
YAML,XML,HTML are some of the Resource Types.Representation of Resource is important because it determines the easy identification of resources. With proper representations of resource in the proper format, allows the client to easily understand the format.

Q5:What is Caching?Use of Cache Control Header?
Caching is the process in which server response is stored so that a cached copy can be used when required and there is no need of generating the same response again. This process not only reduces the server load but in turn increase the scalability and performance of the server. Only the client is able to cache the response and that too for a limited period of time.

Cache control header can help in attaining cache ability.
Public: Resources that are marked as the public can be cached by any intermediate components(gateways) between the client and server.
Private: Resources that are marked as private can only be cached by the client.
No cache means that particular resource cannot be cached and thus the whole process is stopped.

Q6:What is Payload?
Request data which is present in the body part of every HTTP message is referred as ‘Payload’. In Restful web service, the payload can only be passed to the recipient through POST method.

Q7:Different HTTP methods
GET: This is a read only operation which fetches the list of users on the server.
PUT: This operation is used for the creation of any new resource on the server.
POST: This operation is used for updating an old resource or for creating a new resource.
DELETE: As the name suggests, this operation is used for deleting any resource on the server.
OPTIONS: This operation fetches the list of any supported options of resources that are available on the server.

Q8:What is the difference between PUT method and POST method?
PUT is idempotent, so if you PUT an object twice, it has no effect. You can update or create a resource with PUT with the same object URL.POST is to create new resource.If you are depending on server to create new resource using POST will result in multiple resource creation since server is the one which decides where to place the object. refer here

Q9:What is JAX-RS and what are its implementations?
JAX-RS is defined as the Java API for RESTful web service. Few of its implementations include Jersey,RESTEasy,Apache CFXPlay

Q10:What is use of OPTIONS and HEAD?
OPTIONS tells you things such as “What methods are allowed for this resource”.OPTIONS Identifying which HTTP methods a resource supports, e.g. can we DELETE it or update it via a PUT?OPTIONS method returns info about API (methods/content type)

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
Date: Wed, 08 May 2013 10:24:43 GMT
Content-Length: 0

HEAD Checking whether a resource has changed. This is useful when maintaining a cached version of a resource.Retrieving metadata about the resource, e.g. its media type or its size, before making a possibly costly retrieval.HEAD gets the HTTP header you would get if you made a GET request, but without the body. This lets the client determine caching information, what content-type would be returned, what status code would be returned.

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Accept-Ranges: bytes
Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
Date: Wed, 08 May 2013 10:12:29 GMT
ETag: "780602-4f6-4db31b2978ec0"
Last-Modified: Thu, 25 Apr 2013 16:13:23 GMT
Content-Length: 1270

Q11.Maximum length of HTTP GET request?
The limit is dependent on both the server and the client.As already mentioned, HTTP itself doesn’t impose any hard-coded limit on request length; but browsers have limits ranging on the 2kb – 8kb .If the limit is exceeded in either the browser or the server, most will just truncate the characters outside the limit without any warning

HTTP 1.1 defines Status Code 414 Request-URI Too Long for the cases where a server-defined limit is reached which is usually configureable somewhere in the server configuration.For the case of client-defined limits, there is no sense on the server returning something, because the server won’t receive the request at all.

Q12.What is need for HttpMessageConverter?
Spring MVC uses HttpMessageConverter to convert the Http request to an object representation and back.Spring Framework then uses one of the Jackson message converters to marshall and unmarshall Java Objects to and from JSON over HTTP.Spring will use the “Accept” header to determine the media type that it needs to respond with and uses the “Content-Type” header to determine the media type of the request body.

Default Message Converters in Spring MVC
StringHttpMessageConverter: it converts Strings from the HTTP request and response.
FormHttpMessageConverter: it converts form data to/from a MultiValueMap.
ByteArrayHttpMessageConverter: it converts byte arrays from the HTTP request and response.
MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter: it converts JSON from the HTTP request and response.
Jaxb2RootElementHttpMessageConverter: it converts Java objects to/from XML.
SourceHttpMessageConverter: it converts javax.xml.transform.Source from the HTTP request and response.
AtomFeedHttpMessageConverter: it converts Atom feeds.
RssChannelHttpMessageConverter: it converts RSS feeds.

@EnableWebMvc annotation, it automatically registered default Http message converters with application as listed above according to available library in the class path.